What Are The Rules For Ping Pong?
BASIC RULES OF table tennis AS PER THE ITTF
The side of the table referred to as the playing surface, shall be rectangular. 2.74m long and one.525m wide, and shall consist a horizontal plane 76cm on top of the floor. The playing surface shall not include the vertical sides of the tabletop. Playing surface may be of any material and shall yield the same bounce of regarding 23cm once a standard ball is dropped on to that from a height of 30cm.
The playing surface shall be uniformly dark colored and matte. However with a white sideline, 2cm wide, along with each two.74m edge and a white finish line, 2cm wide, along with each one.525m edge. The playing surface shall be divided into two equal courts by a vertical net running parallel with the finish lines, and shall be continuous over the complete space of each court.
For doubles, each court shall be divided into two equal half-courts by a white center line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the sidelines. The centerline shall be considered a part of each right half-court.
The Net Assembly
The net assembly shall include the net, its suspension and therefore the supporting posts, including the clamps attaching them to the table. The net shall be suspended by a cord connected at each finish to an upright post fifteen.25cm high, the surface limits of the post being fifteen.25cm outside the sideline. The top of the net, alongside its whole length, shall be fifteen.25cm on top of the playing surface.
The bottom of the net, along with its whole length, shall be as close as possible to the playing surface. Also the ends of the net shall be connected to the supporting posts from top to bottom.
The ball shall be spherical, with a diameter of 40mm. Ball shall weigh two.7g. The ball shall be manufactured from celluloid or similar plastics material and shall be white or orange, and matt.
- The racket will be any size, shape or weight however the blade shall be flat and rigid.
- The surface building material shall be matt and bright red on one side and black on the opposite.
- A minimum of 85th of the blade thickness shall be of natural wood.
- A rally is a period throughout which the ball is live.
- A let is a rally of that the result is not scored.
- A point is a rally in that the result is scored.
- The server is that the player due to strike the ball initial in the rally.
- The receiver is the player due to strike the ball second in a rally.
- The ball shall be considered passing over or around the net assembly. If it passes anywhere alternative then between the net and the net post or between the net and the playing surface.
Service shall begin with the ball resting freely on the open palm of the server’s stationary free hand. The server shall then project the ball close to vertically upwards, without impartation spin. So that it rises a minimum of 16cm when leaving the palm of the free hand. So falls without touching anything before being struck.
Because the ball is falling the server shall strike it so it touches initial his or her court and then when passing over or around the net assembly, touches directly the receiver’s court; in doubles. The ball shall bit successively the proper half court of server and receiver.
From the beginning of service, till it’s struck, the ball shall be on top of the level of the playing surface and behind the server’s finish line. It shall not be hidden from the receiver by the server or his or her doubles partner or by something they wear or carry. As soon because the ball has been projected. The server’s free arm and hand shall be removed from the area between the ball and the net.
The area between the ball and the net is defined by the ball, the net, and its indefinite upward extension. It’s the responsibility of the player to serve so the umpire or the assistant umpire is satisfied that he or she complies with the wants of the Laws. Either might decide that a service is wrong. If either the umpire or the assistant umpire isn’t positive regarding the legality of a service he or she could, on the primary occasion during a match, interrupt play and warn the server.
However, any subsequent service by that player or his or her doubles partner that isn’t clearly legal shall be considered incorrect. Exceptionally, the umpire could relax the wants for an accurate service. Where he or she is satisfied that compliance is prevented by physical disability.
The ball, having been served or came back shall be struck so it passes over or around the net assembly and touches the opponent’s court. Either directly or when touching the net assembly.
The Order of Play
In singles, the server shall create the primary service and also the receiver shall create a comeback and thereafter alternately shall each make a comeback.
In doubles, the server shall initial make a service. The receiver shall then create a comeback. The partner of the server shall then create a comeback. The partner of the receiver shall then create a comeback. Thereafter every player successively in this sequence shall create a comeback.
- Unless the rally is a let, a player shall score a point.
- If an opponent fails to create an accurate service.
- If an opponent fails to create an accurate return.
- When he or she has created a service or a comeback. The ball touches something other than the net assembly before being struck by an opponent.
- If the ball passes over his or her court or beyond his or her finish line without touching his or her court. When being struck by an opponent.
- If an opponent obstructs the ball.
- If an opponent deliberately strikes the ball double in succession.
- An opponent strikes the ball with a side of the racket blade whose surface doesn’t comply with the requirements of 2.4.3, 2.4.4 and 2.4.5.
- If an opponent, or something an opponent wears or carries, moves the playing surface.
- If an opponent, or something an opponent wears or carries, touches the net assembly.
- An opponent’s free hand touches the playing surface.
- If a doubles opponent strikes the ball out of the sequence established by the initial server and the first receiver. As provided beneath the expedite system (2.15.4).
- If both players and pairs are in a wheelchair due to a physical incapacity. His or her opponent doesn’t maintain a minimum contact with the seat or cushion(s). With the rear of the thigh. Once the ball is struck.
- His or her opponent touches the table with either hand before striking the ball.
- His or her opponent’s footrest or foot touches the floor throughout the play as provided beneath the order of play (2.8.3).
A game shall be won by a player or pair initial scoring eleven points unless either players or pairs score ten points. When the game shall be won by the first player or pair later gaining a lead of two points.
A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games.
The complete version of the ‘Laws of table tennis” is available under the “Governance” section of the TTA website or by clicking on the following. Laws of Table tennis ITTF